Frequently Asked Questions


What bite problems can orthodontics fix?

Orthodontic treatments can correct bite problems such as gaps between teeth, crowding, overbite, underbite, crossbite, and open bite.

Fee for Service

We are a Fee for Service Practice. We will provide the information/service codes for the patient/parent to submit to your insurance, if requested. We do not participate with any insurances and the patient/parent is responsible for all payments.

Will I be able to see the treatment outcome before starting treatment?

Yes, it is possible with Invisalign® clear aligner treatment. Dr. Cotzas will present a 3D animation of your "after" smile even before starting your first set of aligners.


How long will my treatment take?

Treatment duration varies per patient, per case. Factors such as growth, the complexity of the case and patient’s active participation will affect how long the treatment will take.

How often should I visit the office?

Typically, patients are seen every 8 weeks, but it depends on a case-to-case basis.

Should I still see my general dentist while having orthodontic treatment?

Yes, the more reason to see your general dentist for a routine check-up and clean! You need to ensure you are on top of your oral health to prevent dental problems (i.e., tooth decay and gum disease) from interfering with your orthodontic treatment. IF YOU DON’T BRUSH AND FLOSS AS WE INSTRUCT YOU AND YOU LEAVE FOOD PARTICLES AROUND YOUR BRACES YOU WILL DAMAGE YOUR TEETH PERMANENTLY !!! YOU WILL GET WHITE SPOTS (DECALCIFICATIONS) THAT ARE PERMANENT, CAVITIES, AND GUM DISEASE THAT ARE ALL AVOIDABLE WITH OUR INSTRUCTIONS AND YOUR EFFORT!!!! PLEASE TAKE YOUR TREATMENT SERIOUSLY!

Life With Braces

Are there food restrictions while wearing braces?

Avoid eating hard and sticky food while wearing braces. Never chew on ice, as it can damage your teeth and braces. We will provide you a detailed list.

How do I keep my teeth clean while wearing braces?

Aside from usual brushing and flossing, you may use adjunct tools like an interdental brush and water flossers to clean your teeth efficiently while wearing braces. We will go over how to clean your teeth and we will show you videos

Is it normal to feel my teeth are loose?

Yes. Orthodontic treatments involve moving your teeth to their ideal position, so it is normal to feel your teeth are sore or loose.


What should I do when a wire is poking my cheek?

If a wire is out of place and poking the cheek, use a Q-tip or pencil eraser to push the wire against the tooth. If this is not possible, or if the wire is still uncomfortable, place wax over the end of the wire and call our office to set up a time to have the wire adjusted and put back into place.

What should I do when a bracket pops out of place?

If a bracket falls off completely, clean it and bring it to your next appointment. If your wire is loose, use orthodontic wax to secure it.

What do I do if I have a broken bracket on my braces?

What should I do with irritated cheek tissues?

Dental wax can be very helpful with any areas that are irritating your mouth or gums. This can be especially helpful at night when sleeping when your mouth may get drier than during the daytime when you can regularly hydrate. Just roll a small piece of wax into a ball and gently press it to the bracket.

Orthodontic emergencies only occur when eating!

If you experience any serious trauma to the face/teeth please go to the nearest emergency room or contact your general dentist. Our practice is limited to orthodontics only.

What should I do if I have trauma to the face?

If you experience any trauma to the face, for example getting hit by an elbow to the face while participating in athletics or getting a tooth knocked out, please go to the nearest emergency room or contact your general dentist. Our practice is limited to orthodontics only.